Down Syndrome (DS) also known as Trisomy 21 is a condition in which extra genetic material causes delays in the way a child develops, both mentally and physically.
Though this condition cannot be prevented, it can be detected early before a child is born. the health problems and side-effects that comes along with DS can be treated and there are numerous ways for the families and their children to go to for help.
At the time of conception a baby inherits genetic information from their parents in the form of 46 chromosomes: 23 from the mother and 23 from the father, but with the Down Syndrome cases, the baby inherits extra chromosome and that totals to 47 instead of 46 chromosomes.
The extra chromosome is a genetic material that causes the physical features and developmental delays associated with DS.